예약금없는출장샵
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  • 정읍출장샵☻예약금없는출장샵♔정읍태국 안마방〖정읍감성마사지 뜻〗➽〈정읍마사지 팁〉☠정읍광주 모텔☼정읍안마방 모텔♦정읍부천역 안마방✓정읍안마방 빡촌▄정읍조루 안마방

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    진주출장안마
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    정읍출장샵⇢예약┿정읍태국 안마방〖정읍부산 타이 마사지〗┗〈정읍출장샵추천〉♢정읍춘천 안마방✂정읍마사지 레전드 품번○정읍콧대 높이는 마사지┽정읍마사지 샤워기➹정읍신사역 안마방

    The governments of more than 190 nations 양평오일 마사지 av , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    정읍출장샵█예약♂정읍태국 안마방〖정읍유선 마사지〗♮〈정읍대구 출장 마사지〉✍정읍신천 안마방α정읍남자 출장 마사지↜정읍두정동 안마방↨정읍남편 마사지☎정읍대구 전립선 마사지

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    정읍출장샵μ예약금없는출장샵❣정읍태국 안마방〖정읍울산 삼산동 출장〗テ〈정읍중국모델 슈가〉♮정읍사당역 안마방▨정읍대딸방.정읍광주 모텔⇩정읍안마방 아가씨♟정읍마사지 몰카

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 목포출장샵 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    정읍출장샵☻예약금없는출장샵☀정읍태국 안마방〖정읍송강동 마사지〗▶〈정읍여관 다방〉☯정읍안마방 후장☆정읍가경동 안마방═정읍마사지 야동 토렌트▪정읍종아리 근육 마사지♨정읍안마방 보빨

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 함평안마방 지루 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    정읍출장샵↑출장부르는법⇈정읍태국 안마방〖정읍흉부 마사지〗♣〈정읍하동 안마방〉❤정읍건대 안마방♡정읍검암 안마방☈정읍마사지 3만원✔정읍세븐 안마방╟정읍사당역 안마방

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 대전출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    정읍출장샵정읍목 마사지

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  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    정읍출장샵♟예약┢정읍태국 안마방〖정읍아로마마사지 꿀팁〗⇩〈정읍성인마사지〉⇞정읍상봉 마사지♐정읍출장안마☺정읍경찰 안마방✓정읍헬로우 드림⇌정읍의정부 모텔 추천

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 예천마사지 강좌 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 온라인카지노 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    대구출장샵
    광주이진호 안마방 서울출장샵 속초실제 안마방
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 카지노사이트 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    정읍출장샵╠ 예약⇪정읍태국 안마방〖정읍수안보 마사지〗ⓔ〈정읍청주 용암동 안마방〉⇚정읍엘림 마사지ツ정읍대구 마사지⇞정읍베트남 다낭 마사지⇜정읍안마방 후기☪정읍텔레그램 야동

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 청양아프리카tv 마사지 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    정읍출장샵◄예약█정읍태국 안마방〖정읍장기동 안마방〗⇃〈정읍안마방 몰래〉☃정읍마산 모텔 추천☣정읍정왕 안마방√정읍만남↯정읍다이소 마사지◊정읍삼산동 안마방

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 서울출장안마 .

    사천고딩 마사지
    군포서산 마사지 군산출장안마 서울안마방 카드사용
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    정읍출장샵│예약△정읍태국 안마방〖정읍부천 마사지 추천〗ア〈정읍중리동 안마방〉ν정읍지저분한 섹스 나고야 여성전용 마사지♧정읍태국 마사지 후기✄정읍화정 마사지✎정읍야동 실제☑정읍새로운 안마방 아가씨 토렌트

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 울산출장샵 .

    정읍출장샵○출장부르는법⇣정읍태국 안마방〖정읍가산 안마방〗➢〈정읍마사지 성추행〉☳정읍sod 마사지◦정읍검단사거리 안마방☳정읍비 안마방▐정읍베트남 안마방⇪정읍군산 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 서울출장안마 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 강진고주파 마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    정읍출장샵ウ출장부르는법♕정읍태국 안마방〖정읍오목교 안마방〗╰〈정읍마사지 초대남〉☲정읍건강 마사지ニ정읍크리스마스 안마방┯정읍모텔 젤⊙정읍포항 타이마사지♪정읍도쿄 마사지

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    정읍출장샵☏출장부르는법➴정읍태국 안마방〖정읍운정 안마방〗✌〈정읍다낭 호텔 마사지〉╟정읍다낭 마사지 vipェ정읍한국인 마사지⇈정읍부산 서면 출장♣정읍안마방 번호↔정읍안마방 청룡열차

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 제주성서 안마방 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 온라인카지노 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 구미출장안마 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 창원서울 출장샵 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 카지노사이트 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    정읍출장샵♫예약금없는출장샵的정읍태국 안마방〖정읍분당 안마방〗ρ〈정읍출장 조건〉♥정읍창동역 마사지レ정읍용산구 안마방╃정읍마사지 물↯정읍단체 안마방υ정읍사각턱 마사지

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 부산출장안마 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 카지노사이트 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 포항출장샵 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    정읍출장샵]24시출장샵↱정읍태국 안마방〖정읍티켓 썰〗►〈정읍선릉 마사지〉┆정읍세븐 상추 안마방╋정읍원주 안마방╜정읍건대 마사지⇥정읍안마사 자격증π정읍마사지 샤워기

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    청주출장샵예약포항
    포항출장샵 논산충주 마사지 부산출장안마
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    정읍출장샵♔예약금없는출장샵┲정읍태국 안마방〖정읍고현 안마방〗☈〈정읍안동 마사지〉▬정읍태국 출장 마사지┳정읍창원 안마방﹄정읍여주 모텔 추천▨정읍청주 안마방 가격﹄정읍모유 마사지

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.정읍출장샵정읍하남 마사지☂정읍승무원 마사지✆〈정읍대화역 마사지〉정읍일본 마사지 tumblr➷정읍덕소 안마방◑정읍마사지 레전드 품번☺정읍천안 출장◆진주출장샵예약금없는출장샵정읍동작구 안마방ラ정읍로드샵 단속║「정읍양평 마사지」정읍신천 모텔 추천◐정읍안마방 전화0정읍송탄 여관★정읍안마도カ정읍출장샵원주라오스 마사지 2차정읍자카르타 마사지π정읍서해부 마사지⇄《정읍안마방 모닝콜》정읍신림 안마방█정읍동네 마사지☽정읍상무지구 안마방♧정읍안마방 스텝.정읍마포구 안마방➳정읍대전 안마방 후기∷(정읍흑인 마사지)정읍커플 마사지 tumblr╛정읍헬로우 드림⇛정읍av 마사지 추천╊정읍냉정 안마방║정읍광주 안마방 추천▪정읍타이마사지 섹스┻〔정읍안마방 아줌마〕정읍부천 만남┚정읍구의동 안마방¤정읍에가오 마사지▌정읍전립선 마사지 tumblr✆정읍서양 마사지 야동⊙정읍온천장 안마방┏<정읍레즈 마사지>정읍김무열 마사지▣정읍응암동 마사지☪정읍홍콩 마사지♟정읍북창동 후기┯24시출장샵곡성포항 안마방출장부르는법정읍삼산동 마사지↕정읍타이 안마방➻〔정읍천안 마사지〕정읍광혜원 마사지♂정읍광진구 안마방✍정읍마사지 야설ε정읍응암동 마사지┣정읍출장샵정읍출장샵서울출장안마정읍고등학생 안마방정읍안마방 와꾸정읍예약정읍안마방 할머니정읍출장샵정읍림프 마사지 금기 사항⇊정읍안마방 내부☻「정읍오창 안마방」정읍마사지 썰☜정읍지행 안마방➶정읍구로 마사지ο정읍중국 마사지➛충청남도전북 안마방

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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